If you want to know a key reason why the American culture war has run so hot, it’s because the answer to many of the most contentious questions in American constitutional law has been a single sentence: “We don’t know.”
Are Christian charities (such as hospitals and adoption agencies) that provide state-regulated services to the public bound by state nondiscrimination laws even when those nondiscrimination laws conflict with the teachings of the church? We don’t know.
Can states still use historically anti-Catholic Blaine Amendments to bar state funding for churches, church schools, and other religious organizations merely because they’re religious? We don’t know.